Essay on The Articles of Confederation
523 Words3 Pages
With the United States new found independence from Great Britain, its founding fathers realize from their historical experiences that a document of law needed to be crafted and established to preserve its new found independence, while maintaining order. However, the first document crafted by the founding fathers, the Articles of Confederation, did preserve the country new found independence but it did not maintain order. The Articles of Confederation described by many founding fathers to be a document that was crafted to satisfy needs of every state for its ratification, even when the document did not present a responsible democracy. The Articles of Confederation granted all national powers to the congress; however, it allowed each state…show more content…
However, an uprising led by Revolutionary War captain Daniel Shays that took place in western Massachusetts in 1786 was the event that got the attention of the founding fathers. The Shay’s Rebellion demonstrated to the founding fathers that the Articles of Confederation brought commercial problems, threaten civil order, and conflicts between states. Likewise, at the constitutional convention the founding fathers crafted and ratified the U.S constitution to address the problem the Articles of Confederation could not tackle. Unlike the Articles of Confederation, the divided the powers of the national government into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. Furthermore, the constitution established a one true currency system and presented the job duties and requirements the three branches and individual states. Unlike the Articles of Confederation, the constitution presented the rights of its people (Bill of Rights) and a system of check of balance and separation of powers that the United States as democratic country. The Articles of Confederation was a popular democracy with its chaotic results and the constitution was a responsible democracy with its civilized outcomes.
James Madison, a founding father and the fourth president believed that with the corrupted nature of humans, a government is vital to prevent oppression. The
Essay Question #1: Compare the U.S. Constitution with the Articles of Confederation, describing each system’s governmental structure (see the number and types of “branches”). What were some of the strengths and weaknesses of each system, and, in your opinion, why was the Constitution eventually "chosen" over the Articles? The Articles of Confederation and the US Constitution are two very different, but somewhat similar, documents. The US has operated under both, the Articles of Confederation being the first of course as it was ratified by Maryland in 1781. Our current government is operated under the US Constitution. The Articles of Confederation are completely sovereign. There are no federal courts and the states enforce the laws. The Congress consists of only one body and every state gets one vote. Congress has a specific set of powers and each state government acts directly on the people. While with the US Constitution the nation as a whole is sovereign. And the use of said sovereign is divided between the states and the central government. Congress consists of two bodies, the number of representatives in the house is based on a state's population, and each state gets two senators regardless of population size. Three-fourths approval is needed for any amendments to take place. Congress not only has specific powers, but it also has implied powers. Both the central and state governments act directly on the people. The Articles of Confederation were not divided up into three different branches, and all of the power of the central government was given to congress. So the structure is completely different compared to the constitution. The Constitution is made of of three different branches, the Executive, Legislative and Judicial branch. The Executive branch is lead by the President of the United States, and they make the official law. The President is selected by the people and serves a term of four years. The President's job is to ultimately approve the laws that are passed by the Legislative branch. He is also the Commander in Chief of the Military. The Executive branch also included the Vice President and the Cabinet. The Cabinet is made up of the heads of each of the 15 major departments of the government. The President goes to his Cabinet for advice.